Archive for the ‘Activism / Action communautaire’ Category

Click here to read the McGill Daily’s sobering summary of the “Remember Griffintown” event, which includes interviews with the organizers, artists in the ‘hood, and Chris Gobeil from CSR Griffintown.

The quote that should give all those concerned with Griffintown’s “patrimoine” the shivers is that of Devimco’s Serge Goulet, who is quoted as saying that the area is a “decimated neighbourhood that [Montrealers] have to pass through on their way to the South Shore via the Victoria Bridge.”

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by Joseph Baker, Architect, past president of the Quebec Order of Architects and former director of the School of Architecture, Universite Laval

“Griffintown was destroyed by municipal indifference and technocratic apathy; it is time to make amends and get it right,” writes Joseph Baker in this piece presented to the Montreal Citizen’s Forum last Thursday, April 24. This was the same day that the City released its revised PPU (Plan Particulier d’Urbanisme) for Griffintown.

I have a visceral reaction to grand plans—to words like “urban renewal”. Some years ago I moved my growing family into a quiet unpretentious district that the city fathers slated for renewal—every block, every street south of Dorchester Boulevard from Atwater to the Glen were to be demolished and handed over to a Toronto developer who proposed to erect a dozen high rise slabs in their place. As if that weren’t enough, highway planners would complete the destruction, and incidentally run an access ramp through my living room.

None of this came to pass. The residents rallied, organized and resisted. The developer went belly up and the city administration adopted a more modest approach that included improvements to sidewalks, a low-income housing project and the transformation of a barren lot into an attractive neighbourhood park. The city fathers came up smelling like roses and earned a prestigious award for environmental excellence.

From There to Griffintown

Responding to an appeal for help, along with my students of the McGill Community Design Workshop, I opened an office on Barre Street. We were responding to an appeal for help by residents faced with the gradual loss of their community assets—St Ann’s splendid church and presbytery, the closing of its schools and the deterioration of their homes. We inspected the homes, prepared plans for renovations, explored new uses for the vacated convent and sought the attention of City Hall to lift the zoning regulations that precluded the construction of sorely needed new housing. Our appeals met with little response. The process of decline continued. Griffintown lay suspended in time, its fate ignored.

Curious that great portions of the city can lie neglected for 40 years or more. Buildings are abandoned, schools, churches and other landmarks are demolished, and surviving residents are dispersed as if it is of no concern to those charged with the future of these territories. It’s as if civic administrations are unable or unwilling to explore, beyond the most simple zoning terms, the content, composition and form of the urban landscape and must await the arrival of the self-styled developer. The developer, supposedly backed with unlimited resources, is expected to demonstrate, with the wave of a wand, just how easily and effectively the magic transformation of dross into gold can be accomplished. A bend to the zoning and height limitations here, a public investment in a rapid transit rail line there, and, yes, a nod to heritage sensibilities with a suitable memorial to the vestiges of vanished signs of long-gone communities seem to be enough to snare the collusion of City Hall and whet the appetites of the media.

Urban Planning

Genuine urban planning does not merely occupy itself with checking densities, height and floor coverage. It uses vision, imagination, and creativity. It is aware of social as well as economic needs. It seeks to know how the best urban environments have been achieved. It determines the framework in which both public and private investment can play their roles, evaluates the impact on the city centre, and establishes the genuine needs of an in-town urban community. Griffintown was destroyed by municipal indifference and technocratic apathy; it is time to make amends and get it right.

I have devoted a long career to the conservation of buildings and cities. I have taught students of architecture to give equal attention to the conservation of the urban fabric. I have supported community organizations and co-founded three non-profit corporations to rehabilitate run-down housing. I worked with Loge-peuple in Point St Charles, Benny Farm and the Bon Pasteur Convent in Quebec City to recycle buildings to provide homes for people of modest income. I have advocated the improvement of urban space for the enjoyment and activity of our citizens—streets, squares, and parks. A lifelong passion has made me a constant explorer of city form and I have shepherded a generation of students through the finest examples. It has made me a severe critic of the abuse of cities—wastelands, scars of empty lots that disfigure them, and deplore the loss of buildings created by earlier generations, whether mansions or humble homes, or ecclesiastical properties that stand witness to our growth.

I welcome improvement to public space, giving priority to pedestrians, calming traffic, facilitating cycling in the city; urban space that is accessible, active, sociable, clean, and secure. The city should be full of meeting places; outdoor rooms furnished with fountains, stairs to be sat upon, street fairs, sheltering colonnades, and places for play….

I have poured over the dozens of submissions to the so-called public hearings on the Devimco project. I see a need, a hunger, for a vision of a fair and generous city, for family housing offering an attractive alternative to the suburbs, for an urban environment not overwhelmed by towering blocks.

Devimco’s Press Conference

An email from Devimco this morning advised that there would be a press conference at 10h30, with documents available at 9h45. I immediately hiked to the city hall annexe on the 6th floor. Not a member of the press, I was not entitled to the press kit but to the 68-page PPU document. I managed to secure a copy of the release and perused it in the time available, Before M. de Sousa and Mme Montpetit, spoke I was quietly advised that though my presence was welcome that I should observe the protocol of the session—in other words don’t attempt to intervene.

Questions from the journalists seemed quite modest and the project as presented by M. de Sousa seemed the best of all possible worlds. He praised those who had participated at the public hearings and obviously felt that all concerns had been adequately addressed. One would need time to verify this assertion, but between now and April, when the proposition is placed before City Council, there is scarce time to do so. More worrying is the further deadline in May when approval of the Devimco project will be concluded.

In view of the serious attention given by the several hundred persons who submitted their thoughts on the project and who awaited the report of the Borough, these final steps seem to be concluded in indecent haste. A first reading would indicate improvement in a number of areas but must be examined more closely. On first glance, we glean the following:

  • Residential development and inclusion of social housing and affordable housing 579 of each out of 3860 units, including 192 for seniors over commercial space.
  • New parks and public spaces at a cost of $15 million by the developer
  • An opening on the Mountain Street axis to create an opening to the Lachine canal, a fountain, a monument, and a plan lumiere by the developer
  • Restriction on commercial shopping space total of 100,000square meters with a servitude of restriction for 15 years
  • Durable development, $1 million to ETS for research
  • LEEDS certification, superior insulation, central system of air conditioning, Energy Star, natural lighting, reusing rainwater, green roofs, no herbicides
  • Noise reduction, quality of air, reutilization of demolition material (there will be a great deal of that)
  • $15 million contribution for tramway – call for tenders June 2011 in operation by June 2014 ($5 million more than first offered)
  • Public transport subsidized, cyclo station, bicycle parking ,community development, a CLSC, ateliers d’artiste

So, Why Worry?

  • On page 47 of the revised PPU, not much remains of Ottawa, St Ann, Shannon, Peel, Young, and Murray streets.
  • In Annex 6, a cross-section shows the heights of buildings, including a seven-story basilliaire and commercial space covered by an 11 to 16 story building.
  • Floor area ratios of 3 to a high of 10; coverage from 35–100%.

The objectives read reassuringly but the devil is in the details:

  • Who is going to be responsible for reassuring the quality of design?
  • Will a big star architect lend his name?
  • Should one architect or team be responsible?
  • What the promoter displayed at his initial presentation is far from reassuring.
  • The Commission d’urbanisme, formerly the Viger commission, made up of architects and planners unanimously voted against acceptance of the project submitted by the promoter, which was not surprising.
  • The developer stated that what was shown in his presentation was not necessarily what would be built. On what basis, then, should the diagrams indicated in Annex 6 be judged?
  • First-rate designers would reject the densities indicated (the developer’s nephew might not).
  • Judging by the developers previous realizations, the Dix30 and the images that architectural critic Odile Henault presented at the hearings, one is not inspired with confidence

The idea of high rise buildings set on a medium rise base is a dated concept. On the other hand, the “horizontal skyscraper” of seven-story buildings is a concept that makes streets a secure and well-monitored environment of “coming and goings”’ of many meeting places–accessible, active, and sociable. These streets, full of doors and windows, are what Jane Jacobs–the passionara of good city form–called the “eyes on the street”. We cannot replace this activity with the activity on green roofs and terraces 25 meters above the street.

We know that the City of Montreal deprived itself of Service d’urbanisme with the professional expertise needed to guide the project. Architect Jean Claude Marsan in his opposition to the project, pointed to the success of Britain’s South Bank, the renaissance of Manchester industrial areas, Toronto’s distillery district, and he could have pointed to Barcelona’s astonishing city plan. We have many good architectural firms and they should be involved in a varied range of projects working in a co-ordinated well-planned structure. And we desperately need a competent well-staffed, well-led planning department that will co-ordinate the work of individual developers and architects. Until then, time must be allowed for a full and adequate examination of this unguided project.

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Le conseil municipal de la Ville de Montréal se réunit ce soir pour voter l’adoption du Programme particulier d’urbanisme (PPU) encadrant le Projet Griffintown. Pour exprimer votre opposition à ce projet, vous avez deux recours possibles :

  • Téléphoner à votre conseiller local et lui dire que vous vous opposez au projet et souhaitez un délai avant l’adoption du PPU sous sa forme actuelle. Vous pouvez identifier votre conseiller au Portail de la Ville de Montréal.
  • Poser une question à la réunion du Conseil à l’Hôtel de Ville, ce soir. Veuillez noter que vous devez vous présenter à 16h30 pour prendre un numéro, puis revenir prendre un second numéro à l’heure indiquée (18h ou18h30), pour pouvoir poser votre question à 19h. – L’administration municipale ne rend pas la tâche facile aux travailleurs.


The City’s Municipal Council meets tonight to vote on the Griffintown project as laid out in the revised project plan (also known in English as the SSP and in French as the PPU). To voice your opposition to the project their are two things you can do:

  • Phone your local councillor and tell her or him that you are opposed to the project and wish for a delay in passing the project as currently defined. You can find our who your city councillor is from the City of Montreal’s Borough portal.
  • Ask a question at City Hall tonight. Note that you must arrive at Cit Hall 4:30 pm to sign up for a number, then return for a second number at 6 or 6:30, so that you can ask your question at 7 pm. They don’t make democracy easy for working people.

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  • Montreal Metblogs links to a great collection of reporter Zura’s pictures.
  • The Gazette and Le Devoir also covered the march
  • Finally, and no surprise, La Presse reports that Marvin Rotrand will be asking for a delay in passing the PPU for the Peel-Wellington region. It is unlikely that the delay will be granted.

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  • Recreating Eden, Mary Soderstrom: Griffintown Project: City of Montreal and Developer Agree on Plan
    The plans have changed somewhat—some more “affordable” and subsidized housing units, promises of green construction, a larger contribution to construction of a tramway—but the drawing retains the major elements of the Griffintown …
  • Montreal City Weblog, Kate: Devimco makes minor changes in Griffintown plans
    Griffintown developer Devimco has added various environmental bells and whistles to its plans; Dinu Bumbaru of Heritage Montreal is saying this is all just a PR exercise and that the wider impact of such a major project still needs to …
  • Julie Bélanger: Griffintown: paradis 0, gros stationnement laid 1 …
    Une excellente chronique sur le redéveloppement de Griffintown dans le Globe and Mail. L’auteur a un excellent point cependant qui mérite d’être souligné, … Avouez que c’est con. La solution est toute simple : rezoner. Un petit vote au conseil municipal. C’est tout …
  • Montreal Metblogs, Zura: March for Montreal
    The Griffintown development issue sure is on everyone’s mind, these days. In brief, Griffintown is now a hot topic for Montreal. It’sa great up-and-coming area between Peel and Guy from Notre-Dame to the waterfront. …
  • Walking Turcot Yards, Neath: Griffintown Is Dying
    And the funeral is this Sunday. Griffintown died after being infected with a severe case of inverted urban planning …

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Click for larger image. Suitable for printing and posting.

L’administration Tremblay veut construire des tours de 17 étages, fermer des rues, et attirer 8,000 voitures dans le quartier historique de Griffintown, sans avoir adéquatement considéré les préoccupations les Montréalais. Dites NON! au projet proposé, et OUI! à un quartier écologique à l’échelle humaine.

Soyez des nôtres pour une MARCHE DE GRIFFINTOWN À L’HÔTEL DE VILLE, avec cortège funéraire des pratiques d’urbanisme dépassées et défuntes.


The Tremblay administration wants to build 17-storey towers, close streets, and allow for an extra 8000 cars in the historic neighborhood of Griffintown, which does not take into consideration citizens’ proposals. Say NO! to the proposed plan, and YES! to a pedestrian-friendly, green neighborhood.

Join us for a MARCH FROM GRIFFINTOWN TO CITY HALL, featuring a funeral procession for outdated and deceased urban planning practices.


  • DEPART_URE: Dimanche, le 27 avril | Sunday, April 27th, 15.00
  • OU_WHERE: 1220 Ottawa (devant_in front of Griffintown Horse Palace)
  • ARRIVEE_ARRIVAL: Place D’Armes 15.45
  • ARRIVEE_ARRIVAL: Hôtel de Ville, Place Vauquelin: 16.15 to_à 17.30

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Phyllis Lambert, directeur fondateur du Centre canadien d’architecture (CCA) et Gérard Beaudet, directeur de l’Institut d’urbanisme, Faculté d’aménagement, Université de Montréal, lors d’une conférence de presse tenue mardi le 15 avril 2008, demandent au maire Tremblay et au Comité exécutif de suspendre toute décision concernant l’adoption du Plan particulier d’urbanisme (PPU) pour le secteur Griffintown et de confier le dossier à l’Office de consultation publique de Montréal (OCPM).

Madame Lambert et Monsieur Beaudet, tous deux bien connus des médias montréalais pour leurs prises de position sur l’avenir de Montréal, réclament de l’administration municipale qu’elle réexamine le dossier de Griffintown en tenant compte des enjeux métropolitains qui s’y rattachent. « Nous ne sommes absolument pas contre le développement du quartier, affirmait Madame Lambert, mais ce développement doit se faire intelligemment. »

Tous les intervenants, y compris Christopher Gobeil du Comité pour le sain redéveloppement de Griffintown (CSRG), résident-propriétaire du quartier, et Vicente Perez, porte-parole de La Coalition de la Petite Bourgogne, se sont montrés heureux du souhait récemment exprimé par le Maire Tremblay sur les ondes de CIBL à l’effet que « les PPU soient à l’avenir soumis à l’Office de consultation publique de Montréal » pour des projets dont l’envergure dépasse le cadre des arrondissements.

M. Gérard Beaudet soulignait pour sa part que « l’abolition quasi totale du Service d’urbanisme a transposé dans les arrondissements les véritables mécanismes à l’égard du plan d’urbanisme. Or n’oublions pas que par définition, l’urbanisme est une mission de la Ville centre. » Il ajoutait : « Griffintown a une portée métropolitaine tant par son envergure que par son emplacement et son impact sur l’avenir de notre ville. Il faut un processus de consultation d’une rigueur et sophistication comparable à l’ampleur des enjeux. »

M. Christopher Gobeil, résident et propriétaire dans Griffintown, affirmait pour sa part : « Nous sommes en faveur du développement dans notre quartier, mais pas à n’importe quel prix. Il faut un bon processus pour obtenir de bons résultats. »

M. Perez abondait dans le même sens en soulignant que « notre quartier, et Montréal dans son ensemble, vont vivre avec ce projet pour une centaine d’années. Faisons le processus de consultation comme il faut… c’est la moindre des choses. La ville et les citoyens le méritent. »

Les représentants des milieux de l’urbanisme et de l’architecture s’unissent aux groupes de citoyens pour réclamer du Maire Tremblay et de son équipe le recours à un mécanisme démocratique, tel l’Office de consultation publique de Montréal (OCPM), à la mesure de l’enjeu métropolitain que constitue la revitalisation de Griffintown.


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Pour plus de details: http://www.newswire.ca/fr/releases/archive/April2008/14/c5224.html

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